A basic introduction to artificial intelligence for eye care professionals

Australia based researchers and academics, Md Mahmudul Hasan, Erik Meijering, Arcot Sowmya, Michael Kalloniatis and Jack Phu, offer an introduction to the world of artificial intelligence. The authors describe and define key terminologies and processes, helping ECPs understand this new and rapidly changing field. The article forms the first of a short series looking at AI and its growing role within eye care

Figure 1: Relationship between artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL)

Imagine a normal day in your life – you are scrolling through Netflix, and just as you think about a movie you want to watch next, the movie magically appears on your screen. What a wonder! Now you are interacting with a virtual assistant, ‘Siri’, on your smartphone, which understands your spoken language, answers your questions, and even provides suggestions.

Ever wondered how this happens? Behind the scenes, artificial intelligence (AI) powers these capabilities, learning from the vast amounts of data it processes and becoming more adept at understanding your preferences and needs over time.

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