A view from India

In the first of a new feature series describing optometric practices around the world, internationally renowned contact lens educators, Nilesh Thite and Lakshmi Shinde describe how recent changes in optometry regulation in India mark a new beginning for eye care

New Delhi

If we must define India in one word, that word would be ‘diversity’. Like food, clothes, appearance, languages, cultures and traditions, optometry is no exception. Historically, the education levels, terminology, and scope of optometry practice in India have been diverse. Indian optometry makes an interesting case study and this article will shine a light on its current status.


To be an optometry graduate, individuals need to complete four years of university training following their high school education. There are some institutions that also offer a diploma in optometry, which is typically of two to three years duration.

Until 2021, there was no regulation for the profession of optometry, but in 2021 the National Commission for Allied and Healthcare professional act was passed.1 India is now going through a phase where state councils are being formed and optometrists will have to register. Soon there will be a common exit exam for all optometry graduates.

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